The Anabolic Steroid Test measures the levels of steroids in urine.
Anabolic androgenic steroids are derived from the male hormone, testosterone, and are used legally to treat problems such as delayed puberty or low testosterone. The steroids can enhance the body by building more muscle, making bones and muscles stronger, lowering body fat and increasing endurance. Common anabolic steroid medicines include fluoxymeterone (such as Holtestin) and nandrolone (such as Durabolin). Over time individuals who use these steroids may exhibit mental and emotional side effects including violent behavior, personality changes, mood swings between depression and anxiety and paranoia. They can also cause severe physical symptoms, such as heart attack, high blood pressure and liver disease
Anabolic steroid use to improve athletic performance has been detected in several Olympic and professional athletes over the years. For these athletes, and for some high school and college athletes, the use of steroids, also called “doping”, to enhance performance is considered to provide an unfair advantage and is against International Olympic Committee rules, most professional athletic organizations’ rules and high school/college athletic program rules. To ensure that athletes are not doping many organizations that supervise and manage athletes may test for anabolic steroid use.